Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation provide a crucial foundation for improved health and well-being. Villagers are better able to care for their families and their crops when morbidity associated with water-borne illness is decreased.
OneVillage Partners has made considerable improvements in access to potable water and basic sanitation. However, without 100% access, 100% of the time, improvements are easily negated. Therefore, it is crucial that the villagers are supported in their endeavor for safe drinking water and proper sanitation.
Previously, OneVillage provided financing for 6 wells to be dug across the 3 villages. Each well has a depth of approximately 30ft and is covered with a cement casing, preventing animal waste from contaminating the water. These wells have dramatically increased access to clean drinking water, however, it is not uncommon for 1 or 2 wells to run dry towards the end of the dry season.
In 2009, OneVillage Partners received a Rotary International grant for approximately $52,000 in relation to Water & Sanitation. This funding will allow for 5 additional wells and 75 2-pit compost latrines. OneVillage is exploring drilling options which would provide fresh water year round and strives to find the highest quality at lowest cost. The 2-pit latrine design has 2 side by side pits, with one active latrine, serving to collect excrement, and one inactive latrine, serving to compost the excrement. Once a year, village members will remove the newly created fertilizer and rotate between the pits. This fertilizer will help increase crop yields.
In the immediate future, it is essential OneVillage continue to increase access to potable water and latrines, as well as educate villagers on the importance of drinking clean water 100% of the time. As potable water and better sanitation methods are increased within the villages, OneVillage Partners will assist villagers in potable water access at their farms. It is planned that OneVillage will invest in 1) wells and latrines in the villages 2) water transport from the village to farms and 3) rain water catchment, both personal and communal. OneVillage will continue to search for the most opportune technology, combining rain water catchment with wells when possible.
As incomes increase, village members will be expected to contribute to Well Maintenance Funds to cover any incurred expenses from normal wear.